The university is established with the purpose of promoting research in law. To achieve this objective university is pursuing with the research projects as granted by government and other bodies.

Odisha State Child Labour Survey:

Seeking total elimination of child labour in the state, Odisha government has formulated a “State Action Plan for Elimination of Child Labour”. As a part of the said initiative the Department of Labour, Government of Odisha has entered into collaboration with NLUO for conducting of Child Labour Survey in Odisha. NLU, Odisha will provide the technical support for implementation of State Plan in the newly enacted Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016. As a part of the said initiative, the Labour Commissioner has also requested NLUO to finalize a team of researchers and professionals who would work with the Labour Department not just for the Survey but also in the long run for various intensive activities for elimination of Child Labour in the State of Odisha.

A Comparative Analysis of Performance Appraisal and Promotions of Subordinate Judiciary in India:

This project is aimed at conducting a comparative analysis of the performance appraisal mechanism and schemes of promotion in relation to the judges of subordinate judiciary in different states. In addition to that, the research project also aims to identify the prevalent best practices and model mechanisms in relation to the performance appraisal and schemes of promotion of the judges (of subordinate judiciary) in different states and then make recommendations on the possibility of implementing uniform standards and policies concerning performance appraisal and schemes of promotion of the judges in different states.

Analysis of the Functioning of Lok Adalats in Eastern India:

This project is aimed at studying the prevalent state of affairs as regards the functioning of Lok Adalats in the Eastern Region of India and then scrutinising the performance of Lok Adalats in terms of statistical parameters to have a more comprehensive understanding of the structural capacities and deficiencies. In addition to that, the project aims to identify the issues and factors which are impeding a more efficient functioning of the Lok Adalats, thereby also identifying the reformative measures through which the functioning of the Lok Adalats can be made more efficient.

Litigation Management in Higher education in the State of Odisha:

This project is run by National Law University Odisha in collaboration with Department of Higher Education, Government of Odisha. Though huge numbers of cases are filed in courts every month, records of the pending cases in many departments. This project work commenced on February 20, 2017 and funded by World Bank will help the Government of Odisha in monitoring all the cases ongoing against them in addition to better utilisation of resources.